Откройте для себя все, что может предложить Scribd, включая книги и аудиокниги от крупных издательств. If the skin has been broken, it is called an open head injury. If the skin has not been broken, it is a closed head injury. Both open and closed head injury can be severe and life-threatening. Black eyes and bleeding in the whites of the eyes.
Head Injury | Human Diseases And Disorders | Human Head And Neck
Many therapeutic modalities have been used to treat alopecia areata, with variable efficacy and safety profiles. Unfortunately, none of these agents is curative or preventive. Also, many of these therapeutic agents have not been subjected to randomized, controlled trials, and, except for topical immunotherapy, there are few published studies on long-term outcomes. In this paper, the therapeutic agents are organized according to their efficacy and safety profiles into first-line, second-line, and third-line options. Alopecia areata is a common, nonscarring, autoimmune disease that can affect any hair- bearing area.