Откройте для себя все, что может предложить Scribd, включая книги и аудиокниги от крупных издательств. The first task of reading is learning the code or the alphabetic principle by which written marks Writing is merely a device for recording speech. Awareness of Gross Differences -Recognizing that words represent a sound unit-word awareness. Awareness of Rhyme-Hearing and recognizing rhymes. Segmentation of Words into Syllables-Detecting that words are made up of different part-syllables.
Bottom-up: перевод, произношение, примеры использования
As you plan your lesson, do you start with the small building blocks and then expanding? Or do you start with the big picture and break it down? The terms have been borrowed from cognitive psychology, but derive originally from computer science, where they distinguish processes that are data-driven from those that are knowledge-driven. How do you listen or read in each case? Are there any differences? In the situation with a friend, you understand the general idea first, in contrast, when reading a recipe understanding the exact words is likely to be more important.
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Откройте для себя все, что может предложить Scribd, включая книги и аудиокниги от крупных издательств. Dechant Bottom-up advocates believe the reader needs to. V identify letter features V link these features to recognize letters V combine letters to recognize spelling patterns V link spelling patterns to recognize words, and V then proceed to sentence, paragraph and text-level processing.